Discover more from The Bereans
Leviticus 5:14-7:38 - Ritual sacrifices 
1. What was whole burnt offering [Leviticus 1]?
2. What was the grain offering [Leviticus 2]?
3. What is peace offering [Leviticus 3]?
4. What is the sin offering [Leviticus 4:1-5:13]?
Leviticus was written a long time ago in a culture very different to our own! A short answer would be that the first three sacrifices were a kind of progression of offerings that were a liturgy or acting out of a devotional that show the seriousness of approaching a Holy God.
The guilt offering [5:14-19]
We are not sure exactly what the Hebrew word מָעַל (mā·ʿǎl) in v15 means? It is translated “displays infidelity” [LEB], “breach of faith” [ESV], “unfaithful” [NIV]1.
What is your best from the context?
Would the guilt overing have covered the sin of Achan [Joshua 7]? How was his sin dealt with?
Are you guilty if you did not know you were sinning?
The whole burnt offering [again] [6:1-13]
Regulation in v9 is tô·rāh. This is the first time the word occurs in the bible but it occurs seven times in Leviticus 6-7. What’s going on?
Why did the priests have to wear underwear [Exodus 20:25-26]? How did this compare with the dress codes of the priests of gods of the other nations?
The grain offering [again] [6:14-23]
The sin offering again [6:24-30]
The guilt offering [again] [7:1-7]
The burnt offering [yet again] [7:8-10]
The peace offering [again] [7:11-21]
No eating fat or blood [7:22-27]
What is the significance of the fat and blood? How were the sons of Eli sinning [1 Samuel 2:12-17]? What happened to them and the presence of YHWH [1 Samuel 4]?
The wave offering [7:28-36]
Who waves the offering [v30]? Is there a link to Exodus 19:6? Is there a priest-laity distinction in the NT?
That’s it! [7:37-38]
The Arabic cognate is “(30mağala) whisper, backbite, مَغَالَةٌ (mağālatun) perfidy, fraud)” Francis Brown, Samuel Rolles Driver, and Charles Augustus Briggs, Enhanced Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977), 591.